CASS RP Changes on the Horizon?

On 14 January 2014, HM Treasury published the “Final review of the Investment Bank Special Administration Regulations 2011” conducted by Peter Bloxham.  The report meets Parliament’s requirement that the Treasury hold an independent review of the special administration regime (SAR) for investment banks within two years of it coming into force. Continue reading


FCA Hands Out More Fines for Client Money Breaches

On 26 November 2013, the FCA published a final notice and accompanying press release levying a fine of GBP 900,200 on the asset manager SEI Investments (Europe) Limited (SEI) for failing to arrange adequate protection of client money in the period from 1 November 2007 to 4 October 2012. Continue reading

FCA Fines Aberdeen £7.2m for Client Money Breaches

On 3 September 2013, the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) published a press release announcing the final notice it has issued to Aberdeen Asset Managers Limited and Aberdeen Fund Management Limited (“Aberdeen”), fining the firm £7,192,500 for breaches of the FCA’s client money rules.  This fine included a 30% discount for early settlement by Aberdeen.

Over a three year period from 31 August 2008 to 31 August 2011, Aberdeen breached Principle 3 (management and control) and Principle 10 (protection of client assets) of the FCA’s Principles for Businesses.  The firm failed to recognise that money held on behalf of clients in Money Market Deposits (MMDs) with third party banks were subject to the FCA’s client money requirements set out in Chapter 7 of the Client Assets Sourcebook (CASS).  As a result, Aberdeen breached rules 7.3.1R, 7.3.2R, 7.6.1R, 7.6.2R and 7.8.1R in CASS.

Under the client money requirements, firms are required to protect money held on behalf of its clients in the event of firm failure.  Aberdeen failed to:

  • Provide appropriate trust letter notifications to the banks and did not obtain acknowledgements confirming the client money trust status of the deposited monies from those banks;
  • Provide consistent account naming conventions when setting up accounts, creating uncertainty over ownership of those accounts.

The net result was that an average daily balance of approximately £685 million had been at risk but no actual loss of client money was suffered.  However had the firm become insolvent, severe delays and complications in the distribution of client money would have resulted.

Aberdeen’s failings highlight the importance of identifying and protecting client money.  In this regard, a CASS Resolution Pack (CASS RP) represents a useful and readily available compliance tool.  In providing a convenient snap shot of the state of a firm’s CASS compliance, not only does it assist an Insolvency Practitioner in locating and returning client money, but it also highlights immediate and ongoing deficiencies in a firm’s CASS procedures.  Implementing prompt remedial action with respect to CASS deficiencies highlighted during the creation and maintenance of a CASS RP will help avoid the high price, both in terms of monetary fines and reputational damage, that was experienced by Aberdeen in this case.

FCA Update on RRP and CASS

On 26 April 2013, the FCA published Policy Development Update No 157.  This summarises the anticipated publications dates for various pieces of regulatory guidance.  Of note are the following:

  • a policy statement (PS12/5) to CP11/16 on recovery and resolution plans, due for publication in Q2 2013;
  • a policy statement to part 2 of CP12/22 on the client assets regime (multiple client money pools), due for publication in Q2 2013 (had previously been noted as “TBD”); and
  • a policy statement to CP12/20 on client money rules for insurance intermediaries, due for publication in Q3/Q4 2013.

FSA Update on RRP and CASS RP

On 25 February 2013, the FSA published Policy Development Update Number 156 detailing forthcoming publications from the FSA on a wide range of issues, including:

  • RRP: Policy Statement to CP11/16 and PS12/5 on recovery and resolution planning.  This is expected to be published in Q2 2013; and
  • CASS RP: Policy Statement to CP 12/20, “Review of the client money rules for insurance intermediaries”. This will include finalised rules regarding CASS Resolution Packs for firms subject to CASS 5 and is expected to be published in Q3/Q4 2013.

CASS Resolution Pack Compliance: Don’t Expect Sympathy From the FSA

On 20 November 2012, the FSA published a speech given by Richard Sutcliffe, Head of the Client Assets Unit at the FSA on the background and purpose of the unit he leads and its future policy initiatives.

The speech underlined the priority given by the FSA to improving the client assets regime.  Mr Sutcliffe noted that there are over £9.7 trillion of custody assets within the UK, the protection of which is crucial if the FSA is to meet its objectives of protecting consumers and enhancing the integrity of UK markets.  In his words, CASS compliance is “not a regulatory fad, it is a fundamental duty” owed to customers.

The Client Assets Unit was created in the wake of the Lehman collapse and since that time has initiated a number of policy reforms, including:

  • the stratification of firms into “small”, “medium” or “large” based on the value of their holdings;
  • the requirement for all medium and large firms to submit a monthly Client Money & Assets Return; and
  • the introduction of the CF10a role – the dedicated control function with responsibility for client money compliance in all medium and large firms.

Mr Sutcliffe made clear that the FSA actively uses all of the material generated by firms and takes the issues of quality and accuracy of data very seriously.  Whilst acknowledging that progress has been made, he noted that concerns regarding CASS compliance remain – particularly the continuing failure of firms to properly document trust arrangements.  In light of these concerns the FSA will intensify its supervisory approach in the future, visiting more firms and returning to other firms to cover different issues or check on progress.

On the subject of CASS Resolution Packs, the FSA is aware of the costs involved in creating and maintaining a CASS Resolution Pack and the tight compliance deadlines.  However, it is not particularly sympathetic to the concerns of firms in this area on account of the fact that it is only asking for documentation which, in the main, should have been available to firms before the introduction of the CASS Resolution Pack requirements.

A CASS Resolution Pack provides a convenient snap shot of the state of a firm’s CASS compliance, which can be requested by the FSA at any time.  Given this, the particular concerns that that the FSA has regarding trust notifications and acknowledgments (which are required to be an immediately available component of every CASS Resolution Pack) and the stated intention to increase the intensity of future supervision, firms would be well advised to ensure that their approach to CASS Resolution Pack compliance is on a firm footing before the FSA next come knocking.